Environmental change is perhaps the most generally discussed issue among the new worldwide ecological changes. Research shows that it connects to disastrous events that influence populations’ social and economic wellbeing. Adverse climatic changes are happening at both global and local levels, leading to harmful impacts.
The Middle East is among the most vulnerable places in the world to climate change. The affluent Gulf nations will face depleted freshwater resources within the next 50 years and the collapse of food and water production systems.
Environmental & climate change are now influencing the Middle East regions in horrible ways. It will make excessive heat spread across a more significant amount of the land for longer time frames, making some regions unlivable and reducing growing areas for agriculture. In addition, urban areas will feel a rising heat island impact, and most capital urban communities in the Middle East could confront four months of exceedingly hot days every year.
These climatic changes and rising temperatures are not only impacting humans. Still, they will put intense pressure on crops and scant water resources, possibly increasing migration and the risk of conflict.
How Climate Change Decimating Sidr Trees?
Sidr trees are known to produce world-renowned honey, but devastating climatic changes are affecting their growth. Unseasonal rains implied the Sidr trees had bloomed early. Unfortunately, this early flowering process leads to the petals falling well before beekeepers had emptied their hives – leaving the honey bees hungry and reducing the yearly production of Sidr honey. This is a massive loss for the beekeepers as they are losing almost three-quarters of expected Sidr honey output because of the flowering droop.
Beekeeping and honey production is the key source of income for the people living in the Middle East regions. But, it’s being threatened by climate change. Recurrent droughts, increasing heat, and massive rainfall – are driven by climate change and have caused severe troubles in these regions.
Catastrophic climatic changes are hurting one of the country’s most precious commodities: Sidr honey, known for its remarkable health benefits. Typically, Sidr honey is exported to various other countries worldwide, but environmental changes are changing & reducing the flowering seasons and endangering people’s livelihoods depending on beekeeping.
How does Climate Change Affect the Bees?
Honey bees are tough, tiny creatures, having the ability to thrive in any place. But, as environmental change brings on outrageous weather conditions, temperature changes, and rising ocean levels, even this versatile species are being impacted.
Environmental change is now adding to declining populations of honey bees and other bee species because of reduced natural habitat and changing plant growth patterns over the seasons.
For people, the loss of honey bees doesn’t simply mean pricier honey – honey bees are also liable for pollinating close to 33% of the plants we depend on for food. Without strong honey bee populaces, these food sources – coffee, apples, broccoli, berries, almonds, and melons – could be undeniably expensive to grow or even vanish. It’s only one reason environmental change is the issue of our time that requires much consideration.
For honey bees, habitat loss isn’t about the actual space they need to live; it’s also about the scope of plant species accessible for them to benefit from. In addition, environmental change can make it harder for plants to grow and flourish in specific regions, influencing food supplies for honey bees.
Environmental change isn’t the leading cause of habitat loss for the bees; human development and deforestation are additionally significant variables. As average temperatures rise all over the planet, delicate biological systems are tossed out of balance. Higher temperatures imply that flowers might bloom weeks or months sooner than expected or blossom for shorter periods. Honey bees, who have adapted to a particular pattern of nectar and pollen availability, can be genuinely impacted by even little changes to seasonal plant growth.
Simply a shift of seven days can hurt honey bee health, as less pollen can mean less nourishment and reduced immune power from illness. In addition, bees – especially honey bees – are affected by various parasites and sicknesses. Nosema parasites, which cause gastrointestinal issues and American Foulbrood Disease, are additionally seriously harming, prompting colony collapse whenever left untreated.
Even though environmental change doesn’t directly cause illness or parasite infestations, it can make bee colonies more vulnerable and weaker against disease. Research shows that the Nosema parasite also seems to thrive in higher temperatures, implying that environmental change, mainly rising temperatures, will probably assist it with spreading.
Besides slowly increasing average temperatures, environmental change is also prompting more outrageous atmospheric conditions all over the planet. This leads to frequent crushing bushfires, while flooding, storms, and droughts are increasing in different regions.
These catastrophic events can clearly affect honey bees and native bees, wiping out habitats, obliterating hives and burrows, or basically killing off honey bees in thousands.
How to Manage the Conditions?
Researchers are saying that the situation could worsen in the coming future. Heavy rainfall will become more extreme and more frequent in Yemen by 2030, per the projections by the Climate Service Center Germany.
By 2085, Yemen could face 33% more intense heavy rain events and as much as 139% more frequent. As the poorest and most water-uncertain country in the Middle East and North Africa, Yemen has been left without the tools to confront its unpredictable nature.
Although the (CO2) emissions are low in Yemen, its farmers and beekeepers are among the most impacted and the least prepared for climate change.
Climate change will battle to find its direction to the highest point of public plans until it is recognized as a contention and hazard multiplier, as opposed to just one more issue that should be added to the growing list of issues facing the region.
It is a huge problem that cannot be solved or managed by one person. In every small manner we can, we should help honey bees in our area by growing a diverse range of bee-friendly good plants that bloom consistently. Beekeepers should do their best to prevent the spread of parasites and bee diseases and set up bee hives to protect their colonies from extreme weather.
These aren’t long-term answers to the environmental change issue. But, for the vast majority, supporting strategies and voting to fight environmental change is the leading solution to have a real, long-term impact on the bees, honey production, nature & the planet.